Employees of the Morris Canal

An engineering marvel that spanned 107 miles across Northern New Jersey, The Morris Canal operated from the 1820s until 1924.

The following is a list of the men, women and children who earned a living on the Morris Canal.

This list does not include the many more who benefited financially from the Canal: laborers, bars, shops and the teamsters, who without doubt, drove to and from the Morris Canal.

While this list is comprehensive, it is not yet complete! If you have information you would like to share, please email [email protected].

A

Jacob Allen: Boatman. Born New Jersey c. 1835. Last known residence Mt. Olive Township, 1880.

Joseph P. Allen: Boatman. Born New Jersey, c. 1842. In 1860, he is living in Roxbury. On September 3, 1862 enlisted in New Jersey’s 27th, and was discharged July 2, 1863. Date of death and his burial location are unknown.

Thank you for your service.

David Alonse: Boatman. Born New Jersey c. 1828. In 1850, he resides in Roxbury. David and William are brothers.

William Alonse: Boatman. Born New Jersey c. 1835. In 1850, he resides in Roxbury. David and William are brothers.

William Atkins: Brakeman. Also known as William Atkins. Born New Jersey, July, c. 1876. Brakeman, Canal Plane. In 1900, he is living in Montville. In 1910, he resides in Montville and is a Lock Tender.

Aaron A. Atno: Boatman. Born New Jersey, c. 1815. In 1860 and 1870, living in Roxbury.

Eugene Atno: Boatman. Born New Jersey c. 1847. In 1870 (referred to as Atnoe), he resides in Rockaway. Captain of his own canal boat christened Hugh Cassidy. Eugene and James Atno are brothers.

On July 16, 1873, Captain Eugene Atno was murdered on a bridge over the Hackensack River, by a canal ferry master, referred to as both Thomas Finnley and Thomas Finn.

Newspapers of the day appear to agree on one fact, Mr. Finnley struck and killed Captain Atno; perhaps with an iron pipe or with his hands.

A coroner’s inquest was held and the verdict was reported in The True Democratic Banner (Morristown, N.J. Thursday, July 24, 1873 edition) under the tag line State items, reports:

“The jury in the case of Eugene Atno…has returned a verdict, ‘that Eugene Atno came to his death from the fist of Thomas Finn.’ Finn is still held, the Coronor (sic) awaiting the advice of the Prosecuting Attorney before admitting him to bail.”

As of 2016, the fate of Mr. Finn remains a mystery.

James Atno: Boatman. Born New Jersey c. 1844. In 1880 (referred to as Atnoe), he is living in Rockaway. James Atno died March 21, 1900 aged 57. Eugene and James Atno are brothers.

Samuel J. Axford: Lock Tender on Canal. Born New Jersey, March, c. 1882. In 1900, he is living in Pequannock.


B

Charles Babcock: Boatman. Date and birthplace unknown. In the December 1, 1893 edition of The Iron Era, a report of a fire occurring in the house while Mrs. Babcock and the children were preparing to retire for the night. The reporter advises that “Mr. Babcock is a boatman and passed through town (Rockaway) about 4 o’clock that afternoon.”

The Iron Era was in the habit of announcing the beginning and closing of “Canal” season; the same issue that reported the fire of the Babcock residence reports that the Morris Canal will close on December 9th (1893).

Benjamin Badgley: Plane Tender. Born New Jersey c. 1823. In 1850, he is living in Rockaway.

Edward Baker: Boatman. Born New Jersey c. 1865. Last known residence Mt. Olive, 1880.

Paul R. Barton: Boatman. Born in Paterson, New Jersey May 11, 1841. In 1860, he is a boatman in Montville. Mr. Barton enlisted in New Jersey’s 26th Infantry September 3, 1862. Wounded in action in May, 1864, he was discharged on June 27, 1864 and granted a pension in May, ’64. In 1880, he lived in “Mountville” Montville. His last known residence was in Denville.  Mr. Barton died August 6, 1884 and is buried in the Savage Road Cemetery, Denville.

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Richard Baxter: Plane Tender and Canal Engineer. Born Scotland, June, c. 1831; immigrated to the United States in 1850. In 1860, he lived in Roxbury, occupation Plane Tender. Lived in Mt. Olive, 1880 worked as a “Plain” Tender. In 1900, he remains in Mt. Olive, occupation is described as canal engineer. Census data indicates that Mr. Baxter spent at least 40 years working on the Morris Canal documented by census data, but his career began earlier, per recollections of his grandson, George Jr.

Mr. Baxter was the father-in-law of George W. Scripture, Sr. Lock Tender, and grandfather of George W. Scripture, Jr. Breakman on Canal.

Samuel T. Baxter: Plane Tender. Son of Richard Baxter, Plane Tender and Canal Engineer. Born New Jersey, August, c.1880. In 1900, he is living in Mt. Olive.

John P. Beam: Boatman. Born February 14, 1842 in New Jersey, the son of Henry and Elizabeth Beam and lived in the Beach Glen section of Rockaway Township in 1860. John enlisted August 12, 1862, serving as a Private with the New Jersey 15th Volunteers, Co. F. Private Beam participated in the Battle of Appomattox Court House. Returning to Morris County, Mr. Beam seems to have left the life of a Canal Boatman; by 1880, living in Rockaway Borough, John is described as a “Laborer” and 1900, he is described as “Day laborer”. Private John P. Beam died April 8, 1901 and was buried in the First Presbyterian Church Cemetery, Rockaway Borough, New Jersey.

Thank you for your service.

Jacob R. Bedell: Boatman. Born New Jersey c. 1829. In 1860, he was living in Roxbury.

George S. Bird: Works on Canal. Born New Jersey, c. 1855. In 1880, he resides in Randolph. By 1910, George is a Plane Tender living in Roxbury and in 1920, he remains working on the Canal. The 1930 and 40 census shows Mr. Bird has retired, after decades of working on the canal. George and Stewart are brothers.

Stewart Bird: Works on Canal. Born in New Jersey, c. 1859. In 1880, he resides in Randolph. George and Stewart are brothers.

Woodhull C. Bird: Plane Tender. Born New Jersey c. 1825. In 1850, he is a Boatman living in Roxbury. He remained in Roxbury in 1860 where he served as Plane Tender.

William Black: Boatman. Born New Jersey c. 1835. In 1880, he is living in Mt. Olive.

John H. Blowers: Plain Tender. Born Morris County, New Jersey, February of 1830. In 1860, he and his wife, Catherine and daughter Mary are living in Pequannock. 1870 finds the family in Montville, where John’s occupation is described as “Labor”, without Canal connotation. 1880, while remaining in Montville, John is now working for the Rail road. In 1910, he and Catherine are living in Montville.

John Bradervelt: Plane Tender. Born New Jersey, c. 1856, in 1880 He, his wife Virginia and two-year-old Frank M. live in Montville.

Stephen Brady: Boatman. Born New Jersey c. 1834. In 1850, he was living in Roxbury.

Halsey Brannon: Boatman. Born New Jersey in 1835. In 1860, he is a 16 year old laborer in Rockaway Township. On August 8, 1862, Halsey enlisted into the C 15th New Jersey Infantry (The C 15th participated in nearly all campaigns during the Civil War. The “C” men –by casual observation of A.G. Strykers Report – appear to have gained and lost and gained-more stripes than other New Jersey units.) Suffering a wound to his leg received at the Battle of Salem Heights, Private Brannon was discharged December 29, 1864. In 1880, Mt. Hope, he is a Mining Engineer. In 1890, during the Veterans and Widows Census, Mr. Halsey’s line notation reads “Canal Boatman unable to see him”.  Mr. Brannon’s death date and burial location are unknown.

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Thomas Brannen: Laborer Canal. Born Ireland c. 1835. In 1870, resides in Boonton.

Samuel P. Broadwell: Boatman. Born Dover, New Jersey c. 1826. In 1850, living in Rockaway. By 1860, his occupation is listed as a laborer in Rockaway. At the age of 42, he enlisted into New Jersey’s 27th on September 3, 1862 and was discharged July 2, 1863. His death date and burial location are unknown.

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William H. Brown: Boatman and Lock Tender. Born New Jersey c. 1790. In 1850, he is a Boatman, at the age of around 58 years old. In 1860, living in Roxbury, Mr. Brown serves as Lock Tender.


C

Thomas Canar: Boatman.  Born New Jersey, c. 1839. In 1860, lived in Roxbury. On September 3, 1862, he enlisted into the 27th New Jersey. Promoted Corporal September 3, 1862; Sergeant January 1, 1863. Discharged July 2, 1863. His death date and burial location are unknown.

Thank you for your service.

Andrews Carey: Brakeman and Lock Tender. Born Ireland c. 1820. In 1870 he is a Brakeman; in 1880 he serves as a Lock Tender. In both census, he resides in Boonton.

Samuel Carlan: Boating Canal. Born New Jersey c. 1844. In 1870, resides in Boonton. Son of Canal Track over-seer Joseph Carlan.

Joseph Carlan: Canal Track over-seer. Born New Jersey c. 1829. In 1870, he resides in Boonton.

Frederick Chapman: Boatman. Born England c. 1822. In 1860, he resides in Pequannock, living in the house with fellow England ex-pat William Shears, who is a farmer.

Francis Clark: Boatman. Born New York, c. 1835. In 1860 he, wife Caroline, and daughters Ida and Marah (Maria) are living in Pequannock. By 1870, the family has removed to Boonton, where Francis has become a coal dealer.

Joseph Clearwater: Boatman. Born New Jersey, c. 1816. In 1850, he resides in Roxbury.

Abner Coonrod: Boat Builder. Born New Jersey c. 1800. In 1850, he resides in Randolph.

Allston Cook: Boatman. Born New Jersey c. 1864. Last known residence, Denville, 1880.

Charles A. Cook: Boatman. Born New Jersey, April, c. 1865. In 1900, he is living in Rockaway Township.

Peter J. Cook: Plain Tender. Born New Jersey, c. 1814. In 1850, he resides in Pequannock, Plain Tender (1840 census, Pequannock, also indicates a Peter J. Cook, but birth year estimate, occupation are not given.) 1860 finds him still at his post, Plain Tender in Pequannock.

Francis Coonrod: Boat Builder. Born December of 1829 in New Jersey. In 1860, (spelled Conrad) he resides in Rockaway Township, practicing the boat building craft. In 1880, “Frank” resides in the Mount Hope vicinity (Rockaway Township) and lists his occupation as carpenter. By 1900, he is listed as a Carpenter, residing with his wife, Elizabeth, in Rockaway Township. Francis “Frank” Coonrod aka Conrad enlisted into the New Jersey 8th Infantry on February 26, 1865. He was discharged July 17, 1865. Private Francis Coonrod died January 2, 1903 and was buried in the Orchard Street Cemetery, Dover, Morris County, New Jersey.

Thank you for your service.

Joseph Cooper: Boatman. Born Ireland, December of 1818 and emigrated to the United Sates in 1844. In 1860, he is residing in Hanover Township. By 1870, he resides in Rockaway Township, Mr. Cooper is described a Farmer/Boatman. By 1900, Mr. Cooper is living in Rockaway Township, with no occupation. His son, Joseph, Jr. is a farmer.

William B. Cooper: Plane Tender. Born New Jersey c. 1823. In 1860 and 187, he is living in Roxbury.

Joseph Corling: Boatman. Born New Jersey c. 1828. In 1860, he lives in Pequannock.

Barnet Culvert: Boatman. Born New Jersey c. 1836. In 1880, living in Boonton.

Frank Culvert: Boatman. Born New Jersey c. 1861. In 1880, living in Boonton. Son of Boatman Barnet Culver.


D

Frank Davis: Works on Canal. Born in New Jersey c. 1858. In 1880, he resides in Dover.

Peter S. Davis: Lock Tender. Born New Jersey c. 1819. In 1860 he is living in Roxbury.

William Davis: Brakesman Plane Carr. Born New Jersey c. 1828. On September 3, 1862, Mr. Davis enlisted into New Jersey’s 27th Volunteers. Discharged July 3, 1863. In 1880, he resides in Roxbury. In 1890, he resides in the Drakesville section. Mr. Davis’ death date and burial location are unknown.

Thank you for your service.

William Decker: Boatman. Born New Jersey c. 1835. In 1880, he resides in Rockaway.

John Degraw: Boatman. First to testify at the Coroner’s inquest in the murder of Captain Atno, he testified “I am a boatman, and reside at Rockaway, Morris County,….”

As of 2016, it has not been ascertained when or where Mr. Degraw was born, but, in 1873, he was a Rockaway resident.

Ira Pearson Dehart: Brakesman on Plain. Born c. 1860 in New Jersey. He and his wife, Hester L., are residing in Montville, 1880.

James DeHart: Lock Tender. Born c. 1823 in New Jersey, in 1880 he resides in Hanover. In the household is his son, John L. also Tending Lock.

John L. DeHart: Lock Tender. Born c. 1863 in New Jersey. Son of Lock Tender James. In 1880, he resides in Hanover.

Charles Dell: Lock Tender. Born New Jersey c. 1824. In 1850 he is living in Randolph.

Thomas Dewire: Watchman on Canal. Born Ireland c. 1822. In 1860 he is living in Roxbury.

Peter Dougherty: Boatman. Born New Jersey c. 1820. In 1860, living in Roxbury.

William Dovenport: Boating Canal. Born New Jersey c. 1839. In 1870, he resides in Boonton.


E

Jacob Easton: Boatman. Born New Jersey c. 1844, son of Joseph and Catherine. In 1860, he is living in Rockaway Township. No other record has been located regarding Jacob Easton. however, a John J (Jacob?) Easton, born c. 1844, appears in Rockaway census records for 1850; father, Joseph is a Pottery Maker. A child named Jacob is absent, but a John J. is present in the 1850 household. John J. Easton, born in Rockaway, New Jersey, served in the Civil War, enlisting twice in the United States Navy. Both terms of service give rank as Landsman, serving as a Landsman. Available records are not definitive as of 2017 to state that John J. Easton and Jacob Easton are the same person and a Civil War veteran.

Horace C. Egan: Foreman Canal. Born New York, December, c. 1851. Residence in 1900 Homes St, Boonton Town. In 1910, he remains foreman on the Canal and is residing in Montville.

Henry Emry: Boatman. Born England c. 1820. In 1850, he resides in Rockaway.

Thomas M. Everts: Boatman: Born Morris County, New Jersey c. 1839. In 1860, he resides in Pequannock. Also known as Thomas M. Evarts and Thomas M. Everettes. Mr. Everts enlisted as a Private in New Jersey’s 1st Lt. Artillery, Battery B on September 3, 1861. Private Everts contracted Dysentery and succumbed on October 17, 1862 in Fairfax, Virginia. He is buried in Alexandria National Cemetery, grave 816-27. Private Everts has an honorary marker in Boonton Avenue Cemetery, Boonton, New Jersey.

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Marcus Everts, Jr.: Boatman. Born Morris County, New Jersey, c. 1842. In 1860, he resides in Pequannock. By 1870, he has relocated to Brooklyn, New York and his occupation is Engineer. On September 3, 1870, he marries Hattie Stagg in Brooklyn. Also known as Mark Evarts, Jr., he served with the 27th New Jersey Infantry, Co. G as a Private. Private Everts death date and burial location are unknown.

Thank you for your service.


F

Charles Fancher:Boatman. Born New Jersey c. 1814. In 1850, he is living in Roxbury.

Edward L. Ferrand: Lock Tender. Born New Jersey, July, c. 1884. In 1900, he resides in Boonton Town. Son of William H. Ferrand.

William H. Ferrand: Lock Tender and Canal Collector. Born New Jersey, February c. 1859. In 1880, he resides in Boonton, working as a Lock Tender and Collector on Canal. In 1900, he resides in Boonton Town, working as a Lock Tender.

Adam Fisher: Boatman. Born Germany, c. 1844. In 1880, he resides in Boonton.

James E. Flatt: Plane Tender. Born New Jersey, December, c. 1864. In 1900, he lived in Roxbury.

Charles Fluke: Plane Tender. Born New Jersey, April, c. 1859. In 1900, he lived in Mt. Olive.

John Fluke: Morris Canal Coll. Born Scotland, c. 1774.  In 1850, Plane Tender in Roxbury. In 1860 (referred to as Flute), at 86 years old, he is perhaps working as a collector of money in Roxbury.

William N. Fluke: Lock Tender. Born New Jersey, December, c. 1851. Mr. Flukes, who had care of the first lock west of Stanhope, lost his oldest son, William, in October of 1896. The son fell between boats and was injured, eventually succumbing a few days later.  In 1900, Mr. Fluke lived in Mt. Olive.

John Freeman: Boatman. Born September of 1836. In 1860, he is living in Rockaway Township. John marries Sarah A., and they live in Beach Glen area of Rockaway Township. It does not appear as if he ever left Rockaway Township, remaining in 1880, working as a Teamster and in 1900, he is a Carpenter.


G

George Gibson: Boatman. Born New Jersey c. 1824. In 1850, he resides in Roxbury.

William Gill: Boatman. Born New Jersey c. 1837. In 1870, he resides in Rockaway.

William Groff: Supervisor. Unidentified as of 2016.


H

Noah C. Haggerty: Boat Builder. Born New Jersey February, 1839. In 1860, living in Randolph. On May 23, 1861, aged 22, enlisted in New Jersey’s 1st Cavalry. Discharged June 23, 1864. Mr. Haggerty died May, 1867 at age 28. He is buried the Orchard Street Cemetery, Dover, New Jersey.

Thank you for your service.

Henry H. Hall: Boatman. Born New Jersey, c. 1840. In 1860, he resides in Rockaway Township.

Albert Hart: Boatman. Born New Jersey c. 1830. In 1850, he resides in Roxbury. In 1860, his occupation is described as Labor.

David Hart: Boat Builder. Born in New Jersey c. 1832. In 1870, he resides in Randolph.

John W. Hart: Boat Builder. Born in New Jersey c. 1811. In 1880, he resides in Dover.

Samuel M. Heaton: Plane Tender.  Born Pennsylvania, c. 1804. In 1850, 1860, 1870 census, he is serving as Plane Tender in Roxbury. At age 75, in the 1880 census, his occupation is given as Works on Canal; at least 40 years working on the Morris Canal.

Thomas Heaton: Canal Supervisor. Born New Jerseyc. 1848. In 1920, he resides in Boonton.

Peter Hiler: Canaler. Born c. 1845, in 1960, he resides in Rockaway Township. Two men named Peter Hiler reside in Rockaway Township; “Boatman” Peter Hiler was born. c. 1845, and is in the household of Stephen. The “other” Peter Hiler is a miner, born c. 1836.

John Hoagland: Bridge tender. Per Mr. Hoagland’s obituary, published in the Iron Era, March 18, 1898, Mr. Hoagland died at age 65 (birth c. 1833). Mr. Hoagland was for many years tender at the lift bridge at the canal crossing of the Central Railroad.

Peter Hopper:

Peter Hopper was born February 16, 1807, near Mountain View, also known as Mead’s Basin, Passaic County. Later relocating Morris County and living for many years “on Pompton Plains,” Township of Pequannock (spelled in his day: Pequannoc). He later married Maria Van Ness who was born January 30, 1817 and died January 24, 1911.

During the construction of early 19th century Morris Canal, he was one of the chief managers of the then world famous engineering wonder of its day. It was a unique canal with locks and incline planes that were designed to move canal boats over steep hills characterized by their high elevations as canal boats sought to move freight (particularly coal from Pennsylvania and iron ore) and people from the Hudson River to the Delaware River and back over mountainous terrain in northern New Jersey. It was created before the age of railroads. Hopper’s fame rested on his ingenuity and management in increasing the canal boat tonage with canal boats placed on a wooden cradle that could be hauled up by rope – later chains – successfully over steep incline planes, powered by water fed turbines. At first the canal boat tonage was only 16 tons – a weight that was judged to be insufficient to make the canal profitable. However, due to “Mr. Hopper’s perseverance” canal boats of 70 tons capacity would be carried over the planes.” He is noted also for superintending the building of the aqueduct at Mountain View,” in Wayne Township. He also was remembered for his ability to manage and control four or five hundred men – more than most managers could do at the time – in canal construction projects. He was characterized as a good businessman who accumulated considerable property, including the home and former farmstead that now bears his name.

Peter Hopper filled a number of local offices and was elected to the position of a Member of the Board of Chosen Freeholders of Morris County – the body of officials that governed the County of Morris County, New Jersey of which the Township of “Pequannoc” has been a part since 1740. During his life he was described as a “zealous and active member” of the First Reformed Church of Pompton Plains.

Mr. Hopper passed away on November 15, 1884, at what was characterized in his Obituary “at a ripe old age, (78 years) greatly respected in his community where he lived all his life, and throughout the county where he as so well known.” , The New York Times reported his death, the following is taken from the obituary:

HOPPER.- At Pompton Plains, N.J., Nov.15, 1884, PETER HOPPER,
in 78th year of his age.
Relatives and friends are invited to attend the funeral on Tuesday, Nov.18, at
11 o’clock from the house, and 12 o’clock at the church [the First Reformed Church of Pompton Plains].

His family gravestone, in the form of a tall stately stelae, is located in the Burying Grounds of the First Reformed Church of Pompton Plains. He rests with his wife and other family members.

Thank you, Mr. Edward G. Engelbart, Pequannock Township Town Historian and member of the Pequannock Township Historic District Commission, for this submission.

Michael Hughs: Plane Tender. Born Ireland c. 1827. In 1850 and 1860, he lived in Roxbury.

Robert Hull: Canaler. Born New Jersey, c. 1820. In 1860, living in Roxbury.

Jonas Hulse: Superintendent. Mr. Hulse was born in 1796, Orange County, New York. In 1833, per Dover’s Iron Era (October 7, 1882, obituary for Hiram Hulse), Mr. Hulse removed to McCainsville c. 1829. His jurisdiction as superintendent of the Morris Canal extended to Jersey City. By the 1860s, Mr. Hulse had taken up farming. Jonas Hulse died at the age of 75, in 1871.


I

Isaac Ike: Plane Tender. Born New Jersey c. 1826. In 1860, living in Roxbury.


J

Benjamin Peter Jackson: Boatman. Born New Jersey November 10, 1835. In 1860, he lived in Roxbury. Enlisted at Roxbury September 3, 1862 in New Jersey’s 27th Infantry. He married Susan Mariah Oliver on September 19, 1863; officiate Wm. N. Hennion, Justice of the Peace. Mr. Jackson’s last known residence was in the Drakesville section of Roxbury in 1890. Mr. Jackson spent a total of 26 years on the Morris Canal (Dover Iron Era, January 24, 1896 edition).

Benjamin died February 15, 1912 and was buried in Succasunna Cemetery.

Thank you for your service.

Daniel Jackson: Lock Tender. Born New Jersey c. 1776. At age 74 in 1850, he resides in Roxbury.

George W. Jackson: Boatman. Born in New Jersey c. 1844. In 1860, he is living in Roxbury. Son of Boatman Silas Jackson.

John G. Jackson: Boat Builder. Born in New Jersey c. 1826. In 1850, John is a Boat builder, living with his father, Charles. Charles Jackson is a carpenter, possible he tutored his son in boat building carpentry. In 1860, John is living in Roxbury. Mr. Jackson declared his real estate value at $4,000.00 and his personal wealth at $1,000.00 in 1860, a handsome sum.

Silas H. Jackson: Boatman. Born New Jersey c. 1821. In 1850, he is living in Roxbury. His son, future Boatman George W., is 6 years.

Tuttle Johnson: Lock Tender. Born New Jersey c. 1820. In 1850, living in Roxbury.


K

William Keiffar: Foreman Canal. Born Pennsylvania December, c. 1875. In 1900, he is living in Dover.

Peter Kelly: Boatman. aka Peter B. Kelley. Born Ireland, c. 1841, son of Christopher and Ann. In 1860, he resides in Rockaway Township. On January 26, 1863, Peter marries Mary Gorman in Rockaway. Enlisted into the 7th New Jersey Volunteer Infantry, this is the last known of Peter Kelley until the 20th century. Private Peter Kelley was living in the Denville vicinity in the early 1930s (mentioned in the newspaper Rockaway Record in the Rockaway Record May 26, 1932 edition.) Private Kelley’s death would have occurred after May 26, 1932; his civilian life after the Civil War is largely unknown, as are his death date and burial location.

Thank you for your service.

Thomas Kelly: Boatman. Born Ireland, c. 1845, son of Christopher and Ann. Boatman in 1860, Rockaway Township.

Francis King: Plane Tender. Born New Jersey c. 1803. In 1850, he is living in Roxbury.

Henry P. King: Boatman. Born New Jersey c. 1832. In 1850, he is living in Roxbury. Son of Plane Tender Francis King.

Joseph Kitchell: Boatman. Born New York c. 1839. In 1860, he resides in Pequannock.


L

Noah Lafore: Boatman. Born New Jersey, c. 1842. In 1860, living in Roxbury.

John Leonard: Boatman. Born New Jersey c. 1841. In 1860, he lived in Roxbury.

Joseph Lester: Brake Canal Plane Car. Born England, February, c. 1844. In 1900 he is living in Montville.

Allen Looker: Boatman. Born New Jersey c. 1838. In both 1870 and 1880, he resides in Boonton.

Frank Lozier: Labors on Canal. Born New Jersey April 1877, in 1900, he resides in Mt. Olive.


M

Watson Mabey: Laborer on Canal. Born Towaco, New Jersey April 22, 1893, son of Lock Tender William K., Watson appears in the census data as a child in 1900 and 1910 (referred to as Maby). On WWI Draft Registration, 1918, Watson lists his occupation as Plane Tender, employed by the Lehigh Valley RR. In 1920, he resides in Montville.

William K. Mabey: Lock Tender. Born New Jersey, April, c. 1870 (referred to as Maby). In 1900 he is living in Montville. In 1910, he remains a Lock Tender and living in Montville.

George Magee: Boatman on Canal Born in Ireland, June, 1825. Mr. Magee immigrated to the United States in 1844. In 1880, he resides in Dover. By 1900, Mr. Magee is operating a confectioner’s shop in Dover.

William H. Maze: Boat Builder. Born New Jersey c. 1836. In 1860, living in Randolph.

Thomas McCain: Boatman. Born New Jersey c. 1837. In 1860, he lived in Roxbury.

Daniel McCalling: Boatman Canal. Born New York, November, c. 1867. In 1900, he is living in Rockaway Township. Daniel and William, are brothers.

William McCalling: Boatman. Born New York, March, c. 1866. In 1900, he is living in Rockaway Township. Daniel and William are brothers.

Amos McConniel: Lock Tender on Canal.  Born New Jersey February, 1868. Residence in 1900, Randolph.

Michael McElroy: Boatman. Born New Jersey c. 1821. In 1860, living in Roxbury.

Charles McWilliams: Brake Tender Canal. Born New Jersey, October, c. 1866. In 1900 he is living in Mt. Olive.

Andrew Menrock: Labor Canal. Born Austria – Hovenan c. 1872. In 1910, he is living in Montville.

Lewis Messinger: Boatman. Born Pennsylvania, c. 1832. In 1850, lived in Roxbury. Son of Boatman William.

William Messinger: Boatman. Born Pennsylvania, c. 1825. In 1850 and 1860, he lived in Roxbury.

Silas H. Minton: Master of Canal Boat. Born New Jersey, c. 1831. In 1860, lived in Randolph.

John Mitchel: Boatman. Born Ireland, c. 1837. In 1860, he lives in Rockaway Township in the household of William and Elizabeth Mitchel, also born in Ireland. Living in the house is also a young man named William, born Ireland c. 1842. His occupation is Boatman.

Thomas Mitchel: Boatman. Born New Jersey c. 1845. In 1870, he resides in Rockaway.

William Mitchel: Boatman. Born Ireland, c. 1842. In 1860, he is living in the William and Elizabeth Mitchel house in Rockaway Township.

William G. Mitchell: Boatman.  Born c. 1840. Married Miss Carrie Rogers, July 4, 1865 in Rockaway by James Irvine, pastor of the Methodist Episcopal Church at Rockaway. The marriage registration lists the groom’s occupation as “Boatman”.

George M. Mutchler: Supervisor of the Canal between Drakesville and Lincoln Park. Born in New Jersey in May, 1846 and died in Boonton in 1920, aged 74. Mr. Mutchler is mentioned as a Canal Supervisor by the Iron Era reporting on the death of the former supervisor (William Hixon) in August 17, 1894. In 1880 he is a laborer and by the 1910 census, he has no profession with the indication “has own money”.


N

Walter Norman: Plain Tender Morris Canal. Born New Jersey c. 1883. In 1910, he is living in Rockaway.


O

Firman Osborn: Boatman. Born New Jersey c. 1812. In 1850, he resides in Roxbury.


P

Charles Palmer: Boatman. Born New Jersey, c. 1839, the son of Daniel and Julia. In 1860, he is living in Rockaway Township in the household of Boatman Daniel L. Palmer. On December 23, 1869 , Charles marries Mary Ella Hodgekiss in Randolph.

Daniel Palmer: Boatman. Born New Jersey c. 1815. Living in 1860, Rockaway Township. A 21 year old man named Charles is in the household and he is a boatman. A 14- year- old boy named David, with no occupation provided is in the household, as well. This David Palmer is likely the David Palmer who is a Boatman in 1880. It is also likely that David was already working the Canal, however, the 1860 census stipulates that occupations are listed only for those 15 years or older.

David Palmer: Boating on Canal. Born in New Jersey c. 1845. In 1880, he and wife, Jane-also working on the canal- reside in Dover.

Jacob Palmer: Boatman Canal. Born New Jersey in May, c. 1882. In 1900, he is living in Dover.

Jane Palmer: Works on Canal. Born in Pennsylvania c. 1851. Wife of David Palmer, in 1880, the Palmers reside in Dover.

William H. Palmer: Canal Boatman. Born New Jersey March, 1836. In 1860, residing in Randolph. He married Emily Crane August 25, 1861, the officiate was Washington B. Leonard, Justice of the Peace. Served in New Jersey’s 2nd Cavalry, Enlistment and Discharge dates are unknown. In 1890, during the Widows and Veterans Census, Rockaway Township, Mr. Palmer’s line notation reads: Canal Boatman, unable to see him.” (census taker). Mr. Palmer’s death date and burial location are unknown.

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Benjamin Parker: Boatman. Born New Jersey c. 1815. In 1850, he resides in Roxbury.

Andrew C. Parlaman: Tending Lock. Born c. 1855 in New York. In 1870, he is Tending Lock living in Randolph. Andrew is absent from the family in 1880, when they reside in Dover.

Edward L. Parlaman: Boatman. Born c. 1825 in New York. In 1860, he is living in Pequannock. By 1870, he is a Lock Tender, living in Randolph. A 14 year old boy named Andrew C., in Edward’s household, is listed as “Tending lock”, as well. By 1880, with the surname spelled Parliment, the family is living in Dover, Edward is listed with the occupation Engineer. Edward L. Parilmen died February 6, 1884 in Randolph. His burial place is unknown.

Leander Parlaman: Boatman. Born in Orange County, New York c. 1825. In 1860, Leander is living in Pequannock. 1880 finds Leander working as a Carpenter in Patterson, New Jersey, the surname is spelled Parliment.

William Addison Parliman, Sr.: Plane Tender. Born New York c. 1850. In 1880, residing in Rockaway.

Thomas Parrish: Boatman. Born New Jersey c. 1824. In 1850, resides in Rockaway. Apparently, Mr. Parrish died after the 1850 census. Twenty-six year old Thomas Parrish, occupation Boatman, died in July of 1850, per the Morris County Mortality Schedule for Rockaway Township.

Thomas Patterson: Boatman. Born New Jersey c. 1839. In 1860, he is living in Roxbury. Thomas enlisted at Roxbury on September 3, 1862 into New Jersey’s 27th Infantry. He was killed accidentally in Newark, New Jersey. No additional information regarding accident circumstances or date are known. He is buried in Van Liew Cemetery, Middlesex County, New Jersey.

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Albert Pead: Boatman. Born New Jersey, August, c. 1886. In 1900, he is living in Rockaway Township. Son of Boatman James W. Pead.

James W. Pead: Boatman. Born New Jersey, April, c. 1847. In 1900, he is living in Rockaway Township.

John Pead: Boatman. Born New Jersey, July, c. 1882. In 1900, he is living in Rockaway Township.  Son of Boatman James W. Pead.

Sidney Pead: Boatman. Born New Jersey, March, c. 1878. In 1900, he is living in Rockaway Township. Son of Boatman James W. Pead.

Hyram V. Peck: Brakesman on Plain. Born New York c. 1837. In 1860, he resides in Pequannock. Mr. Peck died in 1904 and is buried in Bloomfield Cemetery, Bloomfield, New Jersey.

Charles Munson Peer: Boatman. Born New Jersey September, c. 1866. In 1900, he lives in Dover. In 1920, he is foreman at Ice Company.

Edward C. Peer: Lock Tender and Canal Store Owner/Operator.

Eliza Jane Peer: Tow Path.  Born New Jersey c. 1891. Mrs. Peer lived summer months on the Canal Boat with husband, John. She handled mules along the towpath, usually with a baby in one arm while pregnant with another, according to her son’s recollections.

Francis A. Peer: Boatman, Canal Store Owner and Operator. Born New Jersey c. 1851. In 1870, he resided in Rockaway Township.

Gabriel Peer: Lock Tender. Born New Jersey c. 1821. Last known residence, Denville, 1880.

Hudson Peer: Boatman. Born New Jersey c. 1851. Between 1860 and 1870, he resided in Rockaway Township.

James Walter Peer: Canal Boat Owner and Operator. Born May 29, 1841. Father of John Lester Peer.

John Lester Peer: Canal Boat Owner and Operator. Mr. John Peer was born on a Canal Boat owned by his father, James W.

John Henry Peer: Boatman. Born New Jersey October 13, 1840.

Joseph E. Peer: Boatman.  Born New Jersey, November, c. 1864. In 1900, he is living in Rockaway Township. Son of Peter L. Peer.

Lemeul Peer: Lock Tender. Born in Rockaway Township, 1862. Son of Gabriel Peer. Last known residence Denville, 1880.

Marenus Peer: Boatman. Born New Jersey, c. 1844. On June 21, 1862, Marenus Peer enlisted at Washington, D.C. into the 2nd D.C. Infantry. He was discharged September 12, 1865 at Alexandria, Virginia. In 1870, he resides in Rockaway Township working as a boatman. Mr. Peer relocated to Coming, New York to work for the Rail Road (per his admission to disabled veterans home in Bath, New York.) An email received March 13, 2017 from Ms. Elizabeth Bolt (Sgt. Peer’s 3rd Great Grand-daughter) shed light on his later years and burial location. After suffering paralytic strokes a few years prior, Marenus died March 29, 1922. He was buried in Phoenix Cemetery, Tioga County, Pennsylvania.

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Peter L. Peer: Boatman. Born c. 1843. On September 3, 1862, he enlisted into New Jersey’s 27th Infantry, and was a survivor of what is the tragic loss known as “ The Cumberland River Disaster”.
Many of the fatalities were from the L 27th, comprised of Morris County men. On May 6, 1863 a ferry –the St. Igail-loaded with Union troops, attempted to cross the Cumberland River in Kentucky.
The St. Igail capsized and dozens of men perished. The Cincinnati paper “The Commercial” published first special dispatch account Friday May 7, 1863 and the story was picked up by New York Times the next day.

On the occasion of the thirty-third 27th New Jersey veterans reunion, the Dover Iron Era, May 12, 1893 edition provides the recollections of Peter Peer and surviving the Cumberland River disaster:

Peter Peer, of Denville, was one of the men that got dumped out of the boat going over the Cumberland River when the 27th was crossing. He being no swimmer when he got in the water he had presence of mind and his wits about him. He took his knife out of his pocket and cut all his belts and cartridge box loose and all his equipments and floated ashore, while strange to say, good swimmers drowned, mostly on account of the load they carried. Some of the officers made their men take off their blankets and arms and it lessened their chances of drowning in case they got overboard.

In 1870 and 1900, described as both a Boatman and a “Canaler” he is living in Rockaway. Mr. Peer died June 22, 1919 and is buried in Denville’s Savage Road Cemetery.

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Ritter Lincoln Peer: Canal Store and Operator. Born New Jersey, February 12, 1876, Ritter inherited the Diamond Spring Road Canal Store in Denville from his father, E. C. Peer. Ritter Peer’s WWI Draft Registration Card gives occupation as Grocery Business in 1917, without mention of Canal activities. Ritter Peer died in 1972.

Roswell B. Mason Peer: Boatman. Born New Jersey. C. 1832. In 1870, he is living in Rockaway Township.

Samuel Peer: Lock Tender. Born New Jersey c. 1790. In 1850, he resides in Randolph.

Stuart Righter Peer: Mule Driver. Born July 5, 1877. Began working on the Canal at age 11, his day began at 4am and ended at 10pm. By the time Stuart registered for WWI in 1918, he gives his occupation as Wireman on the DL&W RR in Hoboken, New Jersey.

Theodore Peer: Boatman. April of 1893, Captain Theodore Peer ran the first boat of the Canal season, reports the Iron Era. The first load was shipped by F.L. Dickerson of Denville. In 1900, Theodore is living in Rockaway Township.

Walter Peer: Canal Boat Owner and Operator. Began working on the Canal at age 8; rode a horse along the banks of the Canal dragging freight barges. Walter Peer’s life on the canal illustrates the day-to-day adversity and tragedy of “canalers”. The Iron Era reported in its October 27th 1893 edition that Mr. Peer’s canal boat sank in sixteen feet of water while at anchor in the Hackensack river. The paper reports that the family narrowly escaped death, and managed to raise the boat. However, in 1897, Walter’s son, Frederick, died at age 3 in 1897, drowning after falling out of his father’s boat.

William A. Peer: Lock Tender. Born May 4, 1862 in New Jersey. The oldest son  of Lock Tender Edward C. Peer.  William passed away at age 31 on February 24, 1893 in New York’s Roosevelt Hospital. William Peer is buried in Cook Cemetery, Denville, New Jersey.

Coincidentally, the same Iron Era paper (March 3, 1893) that announced William’s death, advised that the lock beneath the Peer Canal Store in Denville was undergoing repair; the same lock tended by both Edward and his son, William.

Abraham Pierson: Boatman. Born Morris County, c. 1832. In 1860, he and wife, Mary, are living in Pequannock.

George Pierson: Boatman. Born New Jersey, April c. 1881. In 1900, he resides in Dover. Son of Boatman Stephen Pierson.

Stephen Pierson: Boatman. Born Pennsylvania December, c. 1835. In 1900, he is living in Dover.

Jason A. Plumstead: Boatman. Born New Jersey c. 1844. In 1860, he is living in Roxbury.

William Imla Powers: Boatman and Superintendent on Canal. Born May 26, 1844, William I. Powers (sometimes seen as William G) was born in Hacettstown, Warren County, New Jersey. At the age of 18, William enlisted into New Jersey’s 31st Infantry, Co. B on September 3, 1862. Private Powers was discharged, June 24, 1863 and appears to have embraced life in Morris County. He served as Mayor of Boonton three times and served as a Morris County Freeholder. In A History of Morris County, New Jersey: Embracing Upwards of Two Centuries, Freeholder Powers is mentioned as having served two years on the Freeholder Board. Freeholder Powers’ death date and burial location are unknown.

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Byram Pruden: Boatman. Born July 25, 1792. According to the Dover Iron Era, December 25, 1880 edition, Mr. Pruden was the first Boatman on the Canal, the captain of the boat “The Dover”. According to the article, Mr. Pruden, referred to at that time as “our aged friend”, continued as a boatman for several years after the first trip which crossed the Newark plane December 10, 1830.  The article provides further detail: The carpenter of the first canal boat was William Pregnall, born 1795 and died 1856 (buried in Orchard Street Cemetery, Dover.)

The Iron Era informs readers that the boat was commissioned by Judge Freeman Wood, of Dover and his future mercantile business partner, Israel C. Losey.

First cargo-along with Judge Wood who could not resist the trip-a load of iron consigned to Jonathan Cory. The “back load” was mercantile goods, bound for Dover.

Mr. Pruden served as a private in Capt. Halliday’s company during the War of 1812. He died, aged 96, in 1888 and is buried in the Orchard Street Cemetery, Dover.

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Zenas Pruden: Born August 13, 1802. According to the Dover Area Historical Society, Mr. Pruden was a Wheel Right, Wagon Master and owned a wagon shop in the early 1820s. Mr. Pruden was also a very early Canal Boat Captain. Mr. Pruden died December 23, 1868 and was buried in Dover’s Orchard Street Cemetery.

Peter Purcell: Laborer on Canal. Born New Jersey, January, c. 1841. In 1900, he is living in Montville.


R

Mathew C. Rigby: Boatman. Born England c. 1839. Served in New York’s 70th Infantry; transferred to the 86th June 22, 1864. Pvt. Rigby was discharged June 27th, 1865 Last known residence was Montville, 1890. Mr. Rigby died May 6, 1891 and is buried in Montville Dutch Reformed Cemetery. Brother of Boatman William.

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William Rigby: Boatman. Born England c. 1839. In 1880, Mathew and William are Boatmen, living in Montville. At age 23 on October 18, 1861, New York City, William enlisted as a teamster in the 51st New York. Re-enlisting December 1, 1863, William was discharged July 25, 1865. After the Civil War, William became a member of the John Hill Post, no. 86 of the G.A.R. (the Grand Army of the Republic organization; the forerunner to the American Legion and Veterans of Foreign Wars posts.) William Rigby’s date of death is unknown; he is buried in Montville Dutch Reformed Cemetery. Brother of Boatman Mathew.

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Edward Riley: Boatman. Born New Jersey c. 1834. In 1860, he was living in Roxbury. By 1880, he is a Canal collector, residing in Dover. His son, Nelden, is a Lock tender.

James Riley: Boatman. Born New Jersey c. 1837. In 1860, he was living in Roxbury.

Nelden Riley: Lock Tender. Born in Newark, New Jersey February 22, 1864. In 1880, he resides in Dover with his father, Canal collector Edward Riley (the surname is sometimes spelled Reiley).  By 1940, living in Denville, he is in construction. According to the United States Index to Service Records, War with Spain,1898,  Mr. Riley served during the Spanish American War as a Private in Co. D, 1st New Jersey Infantry.  He died February 25, 1958 and is buried in the First Presbyterian Cemetery, Succasunna.

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Thomas Riley: Boatman. Born New Jersey, c. 1839. In 1860, lived in Roxbury. On September 3, 1862, at Roxbury, he enlisted into the 27th New Jersey. Date of death and burial location are unknown.

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William Riley: Boatman. Born Ireland, c. 1843. In 1860, he lived in Roxbury.

Samuel H. Rorick: Plane Tender. Born Canada c. 1816. In 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880, he is living in Roxbury. Mr. Rorick died August 18, 1895.

Allen Roberts: Boatman. Born New Jersey, February, 1829. In 1860, lived in Roxbury. By 1880 and in 1900, remaining in Roxbury, Mr. Roberts has become a grocer.

Halsey Roberts: Boatman. Born New Jersey, c. 1837. In 1860, lived in Roxbury.

John Roberts: Boatman. Born New Jersey, c. 1835. In 1860, lived in Roxbury.

Simeon Dickerson Rose: Assistant Supervisor. Simeon Dickerson Rose was born in Roseville, Sussex County New Jersey on January 4, 1824. A carpenter by trade, he served as Assistant Supervisor under Supervisor William Groff (unidentified as of 2016.) Like many other Canal associated individuals who left for other transportation employment, Mr. Rose took a position of Street Commissioner in Dover, supervising  the building of the first macadam streets there.  His obituary was published in Dover Iron Era, January 10, 1896. Mr. Rose is buried in Rockaway Presbyterian.

Andrew Rush: Boatman. Born Wurtenburgh, Germany, c. 1832. In 1860 living in Roxbury. By 1870, remaining in Roxbury, Mr. Rush has become a Rail Road laborer.


S

Charles Sammis: Collector on the Canal. Born New York c. 1788. In 1850, he resides in Randolph. In 1860, remaining in Randolph his occupation is described as Laborer, aged 72.

Ezra B. Sanders: Boat Builder. Born New Jersey c. 1815. In 1850, he resides in Roxbury.

John Sanford: Boat Builder. Born New Jersey c. 1815. In 1850, he resides in Roxbury.

Joseph B. Sanford: Boat Builder. Born New Jersey c. 1831. In 1850, he resides in Roxbury. Joseph is written into the census at the very bottom of the page, residing with John.

George M. Scripture, Sr.: Lock tender and later operated an incline plane at Ledgewood. Completed his Canal career as Superintendent. Born New Jersey, September, c. 1864. In 1900, he is living in Roxbury.

George W. Scripture, Jr.: Breakman. Born New Jersey, September 1, 1884. In an undated newspaper article, Scripture, Jr. described his job as “..alert his father of approaching scows, grab the canal boats’ mooring lines and secure them to the plane cars, cradle-like frames which were set on railroad type wheels.” Mr. Scripture quit the canal at age 13.

The article also provides the historic information that Richard Baxter Plane Tender and Canal Engineer- was Scripture, Jr.’s maternal grandfather.

Mr. Scripture provides the estimate of traveling the canal from one end to the other: five days, but a good scow man could do it in 3.

The undated newspaper article was probably published in 1955, as Mr. Scripture is described as “Scripture, who will be 71 September 1…”.

Charles Sharer: Boatman. Birth place, year and date unknown, but in 1894, he resided in Netcong. The Iron Era reports that “Brakeman Charles Sherer and his two brothers, who were brakemen also, have gone boating. I do not know whether railroading was too slow for them or not, but I do know that some of our best railroad men graduate on the canal and preferred a locomotive to a canal mule.”  A later mishap covered by the Iron Era:

Charles Sharer, of Netcong, is boating on the raging canal now and last Friday he got tangled up in the towlines somehow and was tumbled down to the bottom of his light boat, injuring him quite severely, but he pulled out on Monday morning.  

July 20, 1894 edition.

William Shears, Sr.: Boatman. Born England, c. 1822, in 1870, Mr. Shears is a Boatman living with his family in Montville. Sons, William Jr. and Richard, 8 and 12 respectively, are living in Montville. By 1880, remaining in Montville, William Sr., William Jr and Richard are all Boatmen.

William Shears, Jr.: Boatman. Born New Jersey c. 1862, in 1880, he resides in Montville, with father William Sr. and brother, Richard fellow Boatmen. May 15, 1886, William Shears Jr. marries Adelaide “Addie” Crane in Montville. The 1930, Caldwell, Essex County census has William in the trucking, business services.

Richard R. Shears: Boatman. Born Morris County, New Jersey, June of 1858. In 1880 he resides in Montville, with father William Sr. and brother William, Jr. fellow Boatmen. Richard married Minnie Small on February 15, 1881 in the White Hall section of Montville. 1900 finds Richard and Minnie (born in Germany) living in Bloomfield, Essex County, New Jersey, where he is a Plane Tender. In his house his son, William, born in November of 1882, New Jersey, is a Plane Tender, as well. Son Ernest works at a wool mill. 1910, Richard, Minnie and son, Ernest (Ernest Richard Shears was born in Montville, December 7, 1886 and was a machinist), remain in Bloomfield. This census indicates Richard has his own carpenter’s shop. 1920, Richard and Minnie remain in Bloomfield. Richard is a Carpenter for the Lehigh Valley RR; 1930, Bloomfield, Richard is a Carpenter for the RR. By 1940, Richard is a widower, without occupation. He is lodging with Emma Yuengling in Bloomfield. This is the last known of Richard Shears.

William Sherman: Plane Tender. Born Ohio, July, c. 1835. In 1900, he lived in Roxbury.

William R. Shoars: Boatman. Born New Jersey, c. 1829, he married Emily Zeak of Rockaway on September 17, 1852 (Mr. Shoars is indicated as “of Litchfield, Conn in the Marriage Registry.) In 1860, the Shoars family is living in Rockaway Township, including an infant “not named”; it would not have been uncommon for babies to be born on canal boats. On March 16, 1864, William enlisted into the 1st New Jersey Cavalry, Co. E. Private William R. Shoars was Killed in Action, near Farmville, Virginia on April 6, 1865. He is buried in the First Presbyterian Cemetery, Rockaway Borough, New Jersey.

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Abraham D. Slaght: Boatman. Born in New Jersey c. 1836. In 1860, he is living in Roxbury.

Frederick H. Slaght: Brakes on Plane Car. Son of Foreman “J.W.” Slaght, Frederick was born in New Jersey, c. 1860. By the census records, Frederick last worked on the canal in 1880. By 1930, he is a retired Railroad employee, living in Roxbury.

Jesse W. “J.W.” Slaght: Plane Tender. Born in New Jersey, c. 1833.  Formerly a supervisor, according to the Iron Era, in the January 31, 1896 edition, Mr. Slaght’s long association on the canal came to an end:

W. Slaght has ceased his connection with the Morris Canal, upon which he has worked during all his long life. He was formerly a supervisor, but of late has been a plane tender. He was an expert in all matters pertaining to the machinery, construction and work of the canal. He will hereafter make his home in Port Morris.

Charles J. Smith: Boatman. Born New Jersey c. 1835. In 1850, he resides in Roxbury. Charles is 15, living with a 56 year old woman. It is possible that Charles is the sole support of this woman.

Thomas Smith: Boatman.  Born Ireland c. 1810. In 1850, he resides in Roxbury.

Edward Snover: Boatman. Born in New Jersey c. 1833. In 1850, he is living in Roxbury. In 1860, he remains in Roxbury. On May 27, 1861, Mr. Snover enlisted at Newton, New Jersey into 2nd New Jersey. Private Snover died January 1, 1863 of Typhus Fever at Camp Parole. He is buried at Antietam National Cemetery.

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Aaron Soloman: Lock Tender. Born New Jersey, c. 1809. In 1860, he resides in Pequannock. Possibly Aaron Salmon the 3rd as noted in 1850?

Alfred Somers: Boatman. Born New Jersey, July c. 1882. In 1900, he resides in Dover. Alfred, George and John, all boatmen, are brothers.

George Somers: Boatman. Born New Jersey, February c. 1876. In 1900, he resides in Dover. Alfred, George and John, all boatmen, are brothers.

John Somers: Boatman. Born New Jersey, April c. 1871. In 1900, he resides in Dover. Alfred, George and John are brothers.

William C. Stackhouse: Boatman. Born New Jersey, c. 1830. African-American. In 1850, he resides in Roxbury.

Henry C. Stickle: Boatman. Born in New Jersey c. 1845, likely the son of Jacob P. Stickle (Henry is in Jacob’s household in 1850, 8 years old and in 1860.) In 1860, as a Boatman, he resides in Rockaway Township.

Stephen Stites: Boatman. In 1890, during the United States Census of Union Veterans and Widows of the Civil War, Rockaway Township, Mr. Stites’ enumeration reads “Canal Boatman, Unable to see him”. Mr. Stites’ served in New Jersey’s 27th during the Civil War; his enlistment, discharge, death and burial date and location are unknown.

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Peter Stones: Boatman. Born Ireland c. 1843. In 1860, living in Roxbury. On August 1, 1862, Peter enlisted into New Jersey’s 11th. Discharged as a Sergeant June 6, 1865. Death date and burial location are unknown.

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Jacob Struble: Watchman. Born in New Jersey c. 1817. The June 24, 1882 edition of Dover’s Iron Era announces that Mr. Struble has left his position at the rolling mill as watchman, and accepted one on the Morris Canal.  Mr. Struble died October 16, 1894.

John Swain: Canaler. Born Ireland, c. 1815, he is a Canaler in 1850, living in Randolph. 1860, canaler, living in Rockaway Township. By 1880, John Swayne is living in Dover. His occupation is Laborer and he was suffering a broken leg. Living in the house of his son, James, it appears that “canaling” did not survive the next Swaine generation; James is a brakeman on the rail road.

Thomas Swan: Works on Canal. Born in New Jersey, c. 1859. In 1880, he resides in Randolph.


T

Cyrus L. Talmage: Boatman. aka Talmadge. Born c. 1842 in New Jersey, in 1860, he resides in Rockaway Township. On August 18, 1862, Cyrus enlists as a Private in the 11th New Jersey Volunteers, Co. E. At the Battle of Gettysburg, Pvt. Talmadge was Wounded in Action and captured. Taken to the notorious Andersonville Prison in Georgia, Private Talmadge died there on September 2, 1864. He is buried in Andersonville National Cemetery and has a memorial marker in the First Presbyterian Cemetery, Rockaway Borough, New Jersey.

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Daniel Talmadge: Boat Builder. Born New Jersey, c. 1823. In 1860, living in Randolph.

Samuel Talmadge: Boat Builder. Born New Jersey, c. 1831. In 1860, living in Randolph.

David Taylor: Plain Tender. Born October 17, 1823 in New Jersey, in 1860 he resides in Pequannock with wife, “Sharlott”. On August 17, 1863, Mr. Taylor enlisted into New Jersey’s 33rd, Co. B. Discharged July 17, 1865 as a Corporal. By 1870, David is living in Boonton and working in a Nail Factory. Corporal David Taylor died September 15, 1875 and was buried in Whitehall Methodist Cemetery, Montville, New Jersey. Charlotte Taylor remained in Boonton, and was accounted for in the 1890 Veterans census. She died April 29, 1895.

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Stephen Tinsman: Works on Canal. Born in New Jersey, c. 1835. In 1880, he resides in Dover. His surname is sometimes spelled Dinsman.

George W. Tucker: Plane Tender. Born c. 1850. Residence Mountville (Montville), 1880.

Harry K. Tmug: Lock Tender. Born New Jersey, January, c. 1829. In 1900, he is living in Dover.

George H. Tmug: Lock Tender. Born New Jersey, October, c. 1871. In 1900, he is living in Dover. Son of Lock Tender Harry K..

George Todd: Boatman. Born New Jersey, c. 1844. In 1860, living in Roxbury. George, John, Joseph and William are brothers.

John Todd: Boatman. Born New Jersey c. 1842. In 1860, he is living in Roxbury. George, John, Joseph and William are brothers.

Joseph Todd: Boatman. Born Mt. Olive, New Jersey, April 1, 1840. In 1860, living in Roxbury. Mr. Todd enlisted in the 1st New York Engineers, Company K,  September 21, 1864 (the 1st New York Engineers was comprised of mostly New Jersey men.) Private Todd died December 14, 1934 at age 94. He is buried in Succasunna Presbyterian Cemetery.

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William Todd: Boatman. Born New Jersey, c. 1834. In 1860, he was living in Roxbury. George, John, Joseph and William are brothers.

George W. Tucker: Labor on Canal. Born New Jersey c. 1849. In 1910, he is living in Montville.


U

John Unangst: Overseer on Canal. Born Warren County, New Jersey c. 1823. In 1850, working as a Boatman in Greenwich, Warren County, New Jersey. By 1860, he is living in Pequannock and his occupation is given as Overseer on Canal. According to A History of Morris County, New Jersey: Embracing Upwards of Two Centuries, by Henry Cooper Pitney, Lewis Historical Publishing Co., in a biographical sketch of William Gordon, the following is provided: “Mr. Gordon married Susan A. Unangst, a native of Warren County and daughter of John Unangst who was a Supervisor of the Morris Canal for a number of years…”


V

Alonzo Van Derhoof: On Canal. Born New Jersey c. 1864. In 1880, he resides in Rockaway.

Lynus Vanduyne: Works on Canal. Born c. 1853 in New Jersey, his first name has a variety of spellings: Linas, Linus, etc…. In 1880, he resides in Dover.

Martin Van Duyne: Boatman. Born Morris County c. 1821. In 1860, he and wife Sarah are living in Pequannock. The Van Duyne children are William, Linus, Martha, Hannah and Ellen.

Abraham Vangilder: Lock Tender. Born New Jersey c. 1804. In 1850, he resides in Randolph.

Abraham Voorhes: Boating. Born New Jersey c. 1806. In 1850, he resides in Rockaway.

Jacob Voorhes: Boating. Born New Jersey c. 1834. In 1850, he resides in Rockaway. In the same household, Abraham, Jacob and Joseph.

Joseph Voorhes: Boating. Born New Jersey c. 1831. In 1850, he resides in Rockaway. In the same household, Abraham, Jacob and Joseph.

William C. Voorhis: Plane Tender. Born New Jersey, September, c. 1826. 73 years old in 1900, living in Randolph.

John Vreeland: Lock Tender on Canal. Born New Jersey c. 1828. In 1870, he resides in Boonton.


W

Brittain C. Waer: Labor Canal. Born New Jersey c. 1850. Residence in 1880, Rockaway.

Herman K. Waer: Superintendent on Canal. Born New Jersey, c. 1809, also known as Herman K. Wire. In both 1850 and 1860, he is living in living in Roxbury.

John M. Waer: Lock Tender. Born in New Jersey c. 1801. In 1880, he resides in Dover. In 1870, he is a foreman on the canal, residing in Randolph.

John Walton: Boatman. Born New Jersey c. 1858. In 1880, he resides in Rockaway.

George Weaver: “Canaler”. Residence in 1860, Rockaway Township.

Andrew J. Willets: Boatman. Born New York c. 1834. In 1860, living in Roxbury with brother, Samuel also a boatman. Andrew enlisted at Roxbury in in the 27th New Jersey Infantry, Co. C, on September 3, 1862. Private Willets drowned in a tragic accident now known as “The Cumberland River Disaster” on May 6, 1863.

Union troops attempted to cross the Cumberland River in Kentucky on a ferry named the St. Igail. Carrying full packs, animals and equipment, the St. Igail capsized. Twenty-nine northern New Jersey men lost their lives in that disaster. The Cincinnati paper “The Commercial” published first, special dispatch account Friday May 7, 1863 and was carried by the NY Times May 8, 1863.

Private Willets’ burial location is unknown.

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Samuel Willets: Boatman. Born New York c. 1824. In 1860, living in Roxbury.  In 1870, Samuel is a farmer in Roxbury. His youngest child is two, named Andrew.

Patterson T. Winnery: Boatman. Born New York c. 1852. In 1880, he resides in Boonton.

Frank Wintermuth: “Canaler”. Born New Jersey, August, c. 1881. In 1900, he is living in Roxbury.


Y

Alfred Young: Boatman. Born New Jersey, c. 1823. In 1850, he is living in Roxbury.

Daniel Young: Lock Tender. Born New Jersey c. 1830. In 1880, he resides in Boonton.


Z

Grandain Zeliff: Boatman. Born Morris County, New Jersey c. 1833. In 1860, he resides in Pequannock. In 1870, he has moved to Manchester Township, Passaic County, where he is working as a Laborer.


Notes

  1. This list reflects Morris County data. It should be kept in mind that the canal spanned into other counties.
  2. The occupation “Brakesman” on various census, often indicating Canal or Rail Road. Brakesman without a Canal identifier have been omitted from this list.
  3. A review of the 1900 and 1910 Federal Census indicates the transportation resources at the turn of the last century: “Canalers”, Rail Roaders, Carriage and Harness makers reside side by side.
    1. Roxbury Library Roll of Honor
    2. Adjutant General William S. Stryker’s two-volume Record of Officers and Men of New Jersey in the Civil War, 1861-1865, which was originally published by the State of New Jersey in 1876.
    3. History Morris County New Jersey, Volume II, Lewis Publishing Co., 1914 for Civil War service and Cumberland River Disaster.
    4. Bridging the Years in Denville, published Sept. 1963.
    5. Memories of the Morris Canal, by Arlene Fowler Dempsey, 1980.
    6. Federal Census years 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, 1910 and 1920.
    7. 1883 Morris County, New Jersey List of Pensioners.
    8. New Jersey, World War I Selective Service System draft registration cards, 1917-1918
    9. Dover Dates, 1722-1922: A Bicentennial History of Dover, New Jersey, By Charles Davis Platt
      1. Dover Iron Era, June 2, 1905 edition
      2. Dover Iron Era, December 25, 1880 edition
  4. United States President James Abram Garfield garnered large support in Morris County when running for the Nation’s highest office. Much of the Iron Era references his early childhood, when a young James worked as a “canaler” in Ohio, starting as a mule handler on a towpath; a shared experience with “canalers” in Morris County.
  5. Per the Iron Era, July 15, 1882 edition, a favorite color scheme with canal boat captains was a fiery red, with blue inscriptions. The cabin windows were decorated with “fancy” curtains, and the cooking utensils were kept in “the neatest manner possible.”